Who Was Har Gobind Khorana? Google Doodle Honors Nobel Prize Winner

Who Was Har Gobind Khorana? Google Doodle Honors Nobel Prize Winner

He lived in India until 1945 when he was awarded a Government of India Fellowship, which allowed him to travel to the United Kingdom and study for a Ph.D at the University of Liverpool.

Today, Google Doodle marks the 96th birth anniversary of Har Gobind Khorana. That discovery earned him, along with two colleagues, the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for their interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis". The Indian government later gave Khorana a scholarship for him to do his doctoral studies in chemistry at the University of Liverpool in England.

Apart from the Nobel Prize, Har Gobind also received the National Medal of Science and the Lasker Award.

While Khorana was known as a modest and down to earth man despite his accomplishments, he also used to say, "I only work on big problems". Meanwhile, those in the Middle East will see a Doodle celebrating the 82nd birthday of Arabic poet and radio host Farouk Shousha. In 1948-1949, he spent a postdoctoral year in Zurich in Switzerland.

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He was a professor at the University of British Columbia from 1952 to 1960, where he began his work on DNA research. Proteins are responsible for basic form and functions.

Dr. Khorana is also credited for the construction of the first artificial gene in 1972. He became a USA citizen in 1966, just two years before his Nobel.

-Married to Swiss Esther Elizabeth Sibler, Khorana's biography praised Sibler for bringing a "consistent sense of purpose.at a time when, [Har] Khorana felt out of place everywhere and at home nowhere".

Khorana died November 9, 2011, in MA at the age of 89. "He was survived by his children, Julia and Dave". In 1970, Har was named Alfred P. Sloan Professor of Biology and Chemistry at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

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